Our survey questionnaire is wide-ranging and includes modules on income, expenditure, assets, subjective well-being, physical and mental health, education, aspirations, migration and mobility, refugee-host community interactions, attitudes, and demography, for example. Our sampling methods involve random sampling, enabling us to use the data to explore a variety of questions using descriptive statistics, simple correlations, and multivariate regression analysis. The breadth of the questionnaire allows us to explore correlations between variables, both cross-sectionally and over time. All of this work is complemented by in-depth qualitative research.
We use our data to explain variation in the economic behaviour and economic outcomes for refugees. For example, we explore questions such as:
- What explains variation in welfare outcomes for refugees?
- What explains social cohesion between refugees and hosts?
- What explains refugees’ migration, mobility, and residency choices?
On a theoretical level, we are also interested in understanding what is distinctive about the economic lives of refugees (compared with, for example, citizens or other migrants).
Using participatory methods, we train refugees and host community members as peer researchers and enumerators. In addition to producing academic publications, we will produce a series of accessible policy briefs, combining quantitative data with qualitative insights and human stories.
We will aim to make the Refugee Economies Dataset publically available for research purposes in the near future.
Uganda allows refugees the right to work and significant freedom of movement. What difference does it make?
Kenya has restricted socio-economic freedoms for refugees since the 1990s, notably denying them the right to work and limiting movement outside camps.
Ethiopia has taken gradual steps towards providing refugees with the right to work, but has yet to fully implement those rights.